Agricultural biotechnology is the art of altering living organisms or parts of organisms to create or modify agricultural products, to improve crops, or to develop microorganisms for specific uses in agricultural processes. Simply put, the application of the tools of biotechnology to agriculture is called “agricultural biotechnology”. Genetic engineering is also part of agricultural biotechnology in today’s world. It is now possible to perform genetic manipulation and modification of virtually any plant species, including all major crops in the world.
Plant transformation is one of the tools involved in agricultural biotechnology where genes are inserted into the genetic structure of plants. The two most common methods of plant transformation are Agrobacterium Transformation—a method using naturally occurring bacteria; Biological transformation – involves the use of mechanical means. Using one of these methods, a preferred gene is inserted into the plant genome and the new trait is transmitted to a variety of crops following traditional breeding methods.
The introduction of agricultural biotechnology has made the production of food crops much cheaper and more convenient. Certain herbicide-tolerant crops have been engineered to make weed management easier and more efficient. Because crops are also designed to be resistant to certain diseases and pests, pest control is more reliable and effective, eliminating the need for synthetic pesticides. Plant remediation is the process by which plants detoxify or absorb and accumulate pollutants in the soil. Several crops are now genetically engineered for this purpose to ensure safe harvesting and processing, as well as improving soil quality.
Modern agricultural Biotech News is now a very advanced science. The use of synthetic pesticides, which can be harmful to humans and contaminate groundwater and the environment, has been greatly reduced with the introduction of genetically modified insect-resistant cotton. Herbicide-tolerant soybeans and corn have enabled the use of low-risk herbicides that break down faster in the soil. They are non-toxic to plants or animals and help protect topsoil from erosion because herbicide-tolerant crops thrive better in no-till or till-till agricultural systems. Papayas that are resistant to the Ringspot virus have also been genetically engineered.